Classification of information systems is the next thing to note in learning about information systems. After learning about the elements of information systems, and actors in information systems. In general, there are 5 types of classification of information systems. Here’s an explanation and example. Classification of information systems on the character of computerized information systems.
Information systems can generally be classified as follows :
1. Transaction Processing System (TPS)
Applications of information systems that process business transaction data. Its use at operational level and focuses on the data. An example is a computer application for typing.
2. Management Information System (MIS)
Applications of information system that aims to provide information used in the field of management (management-oriented reporting.) Examples are computer applications for hospital services, pharmacy purchasing, scheduling of production machinery and others.
3. Decision Support System (DSS)
Applications of information systems that provide decision-oriented information and especially in situations where decision-making. At the executive level often called Executive Information System. For example a computer application to determine the purchase of drug stocks at the hospital, the determination of sugar distribution system and others.
4. Expert System (ES)
Information system designed to produce a decision by reproducing knowlegde and expertise of the decision maker and problem solver and then simulate it. For example advanced applications of artificial neural networks, face recognition and so forth.
5. Office Automation System
Systems that support business activities on a large scale. Examples ERP applications for the company.